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Rent Control Act

by Saloni Bisht

Implementation of any act, rule, policies, and schemes remain ineffective till the time the target public groups are well informed on how they are getting affected or benefitted out of it. Looking at India’s diverse population divided through various factors like class, region, language, literacy, etc., it is very important that the government should educate the public about policies or schemes and their impact.

The Rent control act is one such act that is not known by all those who live on rent or lets out their homes on rent. When a tenant resides in a rental house or a landlord opens up for renting his place, it falls under the range of the Rent Control Act. India, being a diverse country both culturally and geographically, almost all states have their own Rent Control Act. For instance, Delhi has the ‘Rent Control Act 1958’, Chennai has the ‘Tamil Nadu Buildings (Lease and Rent Control) Act 1960, and Maharashtra has the ‘Rent Control Act 1999.

The broad idea of the Rent Control Act is to settle disputes between the landlord (licensor) and the tenant (licensee). Following are some striking features of the Rent Control Act.

  • It enforces numerous laws on the leasing out properties, to aid would-be leaseholders in classifying and securing decent rental accommodation.
  • It states landlords’ accountabilities and obligations towards their tenants, in terms of the upkeep of the rented-out homes.
  • It aims to protect tenants against unfair dislodgment and discrimination.
  • This act carries out unbiased, standardized rental ranges, beyond which tenants cannot be charged under most circumstances.
  • It also clearly outlines the rights of landlords, with regards to tenants who do not fulfill their compulsions of paying rent on time, or ill use the property in any way.

Rights of the tenant

The act certifies that occupants cannot be evicted from the properties, without appropriate reasons. It contains various protections for tenants facing eviction. Similarly, the act mandates that no landlord can cut off or refuse any necessary service enjoyed by a tenant without sufficient reason.

Rights of the property owner

According to the experts, under this act, a landlord can pull through the ownership of rented premises, if they necessitate the premises for their bona fide purposes. Likewise, the Act conditions that in the event a tenant has alternate lodging available, a landlord can enforce their right and recover the rented premises.

It is pretty clear that the provisions of the Rent Control Act work for the welfare of both tenants and landlords by protecting their respective rights. In spite of these provisions available, there is a lack of awareness in the public. There are cases every day related to disputes between the landlords and tenants. The government should run an effective campaign to spread awareness and to create an informed atmosphere so that the public can take advantage of such acts.

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