It may be true that ‘when the going gets tough, the tough gets going,’ but this doesn’t hold true for the Indian real estate sector currently. The ongoing NBFC crisis post IL&FS default has made things even more difficult for developers.
Post the banking system’s freeze on real estate funding due to rising non-performing assets, NBFCs and HFCs were the sole sources of funds for the cash-strapped developers. Now, however, NBFCs themselves are struggling and their loan disbursals to developers have slowed down significantly.
A source of broad-spectrum dismay and despair, the NBFC crisis needs to be resolved as soon as possible or the real estate sector’s much-anticipated recovery will be postponed by a couple of quarters more.
As a Credit Suisse report reiterates, NBFCs and housing finance companies (HFCs) have played a major role in credit supply in recent years, accounting for nearly 25-35% of the incremental overall credit. While bank credit growth in the last two years averaged at a mere 7%, strong 20%-plus growth in NBFC credit aided overall credit expansion beyond 10%.
What began as a singular event with one of the biggies – IL&FS – failing to repay its commercial dues has blown up into a liquidity crisis for the entire NBFC spectrum. As an immediate aftermath, NBFCs’ stocks went into free fall. The top 15 NBFC companies cumulatively lost over ₹75,000 Crore in just two initial trading sessions.
To say that this rattled investors would be a gross understatement, and the Government and regulators’ immediate efforts to rein in the panic failed to curb the sell-off tidal wave. Since 20 September, NBFC stocks have tumbled by more than 50% for DHFL.
The current NBFC crisis can have a cascading effect on the real estate sector’s growth forecasts, which were already nebulous on the back of the liquidity crisis created by rising defaults and non-performing assets in banks.
The liquidity crisis plaguing NBFCs is likely to hit stake sale and fund-raising plans for these lenders in the near term. With real estate having a strong correlation to credit availability, it could be worse for already cash-starved developers. As per ANAROCK data, more than 5.75 lakh residential units are running behind schedule across the top 7 cities since their launch in 2013 or before. The major factor contributing to this delay is the liquidity crunch developers are experiencing to the backdrop of tepid sales.
Despite residential sales gradually picking up q-o-q, they are nowhere near their peak levels. With a substantial number of residential projects running behind schedule, the crisis could further exacerbate liquidity woes and impact project delivery timelines even more.
Some NBFCs like Indiabulls also provide home loans to individual homebuyers. With banks tightening their norms for lending to individual homebuyers in recent times, NBFCs were seen as the best alternative. Therefore, the ongoing NBFC liquidity crunch will also impact home loan approvals and disbursements, inevitably reducing residential property demand in the short-to-mid-term.
Apart from weak residential sales, increasing input costs and promotion expenses coupled with the high compliance costs will result in decreased earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization margins.
With most things being unequal in Indian real estate, the impact of this crisis will not be the same across the board. Many listed realty developers such as Puravankara, DLF, Prestige Group, Oberoi Realty and Godrej Properties have well-diversified portfolios, including commercial and retail. Many of these players have also reduced their debts and ventured into affordable or mid-income housing, where growth is currently the highest.
In the highly competitive real estate business environment, these players will, in fact, may emerge stronger as they are better equipped to ride the storm and continue to deliver while others can’t. Large-scale consolidations are already ensuring that only the fittest will survive in the future, and this crisis will hasten the process.